Rebecca Cunningham

  • Co-Director, MI-Youth Violence Prevention Center
  • Director, UM Injury Center Director

Affiliation:

Biography

Dr. Cunningham is a Professor in the Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, and a Professor, Health Behavior & Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health. Dr. Cunningham, is the Director of the University of Michigan Injury Research Center and co-directs the Michigan Youth Violence Prevention Center. Dr. Cunningham has a distinguished career in researching intentional injury and substance use prevention, particularly of youth and young adult populations. Her focus on brief interventions in the emergency room has helped position the emergency department as a critical location for public health interventions, specifically for violence. She is currently leading two NIH-funded studies on substance abuse: one focusing on the intersection of youth violence and drug use, and one focusing on underage alcohol misuse and associated injury. Dr. Cunningham concurrently continues her work as a practicing Emergency Department physician at the University of Michigan Health System.

 

Dr. Cunningham will participate in the analysis and interpretation of hospital injury data from Flint and Youngstown.

Publications

 

Bohnert, K. M., Walton, M. A., Ranney, M., Bonar, E. E., Blow, F. C., Zimmerman, M. A., … Cunningham, R. M. (2015). Understanding the service needs of assault-injured, drug-using youth presenting for care in an urban Emergency Department. Addictive Behaviors, 41, 97–105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.09.019
Bonar, E. E., Whiteside, L. K., Walton, M. A., Zimmerman, M. A., Booth, B. M., Blow, F. C., & Cunningham, R. (2014). Prevalence and correlates of HIV risk among adolescents and young adults reporting drug use: Data from an urban Emergency Department in the U.S. Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services, 28(2), 625–630.
Bonar, E. E., Walton, M. A., Epstein-Ngo, Q. M., Zimmerman, M. A., Blow, F. C., & Cunningham, R. M. (2016). Two-Year Trajectories of Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Drug-Using Adolescents and Emerging Adults in an Urban Community. AIDS and Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-016-1570-z
Buu, A., Li, R., Walton, M. A., Yang, H., Zimmerman, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2014). Changes in substance use-related health risk behaviors on the timeline follow-back interview as a function of length of recall period. Substance Use & Misuse, 49(10), 1259–1269. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2014.891621
Carter, P. M., & Cunningham, R. M. (2016). Adequate Funding for Injury Prevention Research Is the Next Critical Step to Reduce Morbidity and Mortality From Firearm Injuries. Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 23(8), 952–955. https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.12982
Carter, P. M., Walton, M. A., Newton, M. F., Clery, M., Whiteside, L. K., Zimmerman, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2013). Firearm possession among adolescents presenting to an urban emergency department for assault. Pediatrics, 132(2), 213–221. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2013-0163
Carter, P. M., Walton, M. A., Roehler, D. R., Goldstick, J., Zimmerman, M. A., Blow, F. C., & Cunningham, R. M. (2015). Firearm Violence Among High-Risk Emergency Department Youth After an Assault Injury. Pediatrics, peds.2014-3572. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-3572
Carter, P. M., Walton, M. A., Zimmerman, M. A., Chermack, S. T., Roche, J. S., & Cunningham, R. M. (2016). Efficacy of a Universal Brief Intervention for Violence Among Urban Emergency Department Youth. Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 23(9), 1061–1070. https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.13021
Carter, P. M., Cook, L. J., Macy, M. L., Zonfrillo, M. R., Stanley, R. M., Chamberlain, J. M., … Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN). (2017). Individual and Neighborhood Characteristics of Children Seeking Emergency Department Care for Firearm Injuries Within the PECARN Network. Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 24(7), 803–813. https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.13200
Carter, P. M., Walton, M. A., Goldstick, J., Epstein-Ngo, Q. M., Zimmerman, M. A., Mercado, M. C., … Cunningham, R. M. (2017). Violent firearm-related conflicts among high-risk youth: An event-level and daily calendar analysis. Preventive Medicine, 102, 112–119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.07.011
Carter, P. M., Dora-Laskey, A. D., Goldstick, J. E., Heinze, J. E., Walton, M. A., Zimmerman, M. A., … Cunningham, R. M. (2018). Arrests Among High-Risk Youth Following Emergency Department Treatment for an Assault Injury. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 55(6), 812–821. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.07.003
Chermack, S. T., Murray, R., Kraus, S., Walton, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., Barry, K. L., … Blow, F. C. (2014). Characteristics and treatment interests among individuals with substance use disorders and a history of past six-month violence: findings from an emergency department study. Addict Behav, 39(1), 265–272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.004
Chermack, S. T., Bonar, E. E., Ilgen, M. A., Walton, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., Booth, B. M., & Blow, F. C. (2015). Developing an Integrated Violence Prevention for Men and Women in Treatment for Substance Use Disorders. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260515586369
Cunningham, R. M., Ranney, M., Newton, M., Woodhull, W., Zimmerman, M., & Walton, M. A. (2014). Characteristics of youth seeking emergency care for assault injuries. Pediatrics, 133(1), e96-105. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2013-1864
Cunningham, R. M., Whiteside, L. K., Chermack, S. T., Zimmerman, M. A., Shope, J. T., Bingham, C. R., … Walton, M. A. (2013). Dating violence: outcomes following a brief motivational interviewing intervention among at-risk adolescents in an urban emergency department. Acad Emerg Med, 20(6), 562–569. https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.12151
Cunningham, R. M., Walton, M. A., Roahen Harrison, S., Resko, S. M., Stanley, R., Zimmerman, M., … Shope, J. T. (2011). Past-year intentional and unintentional injury among teens treated in an inner-city emergency department. J Emerg Med, 41(4), 418–426. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2009.11.024
Cunningham, R. M., Chermack, S. T., Zimmerman, M. A., Shope, J. T., Bingham, C. R., Blow, F. C., & Walton, M. A. (2012). Brief motivational interviewing intervention for peer violence and alcohol use in teens: one-year follow-up. Pediatrics, 129(6), 1083–1090. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2011-3419
Cunningham, R. M., Resko, S. M., Harrison, S. R., Zimmerman, M., Stanley, R., Chermack, S. T., & Walton, M. A. (2010). Screening adolescents in the emergency department for weapon carriage. Academic Emergency Medicine, 17(2), 168–176. Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-76049126181&partnerID=40&md5=98b0702cd8a4c1ef72155f983e822e3c
Cunningham, R. M., Carter, P. M., Ranney, M., Zimmerman, M. A., Blow, F. C., Booth, B. M., … Walton, M. A. (2015). Violent reinjury and mortality among youth seeking emergency department care for assault-related injury: a 2-year prospective cohort study. JAMA Pediatrics, 169(1), 63–70. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.1900
Cunningham, R. M., Walton, M. A., & Carter, P. M. (2018). The Major Causes of Death in Children and Adolescents in the United States. The New England Journal of Medicine, 379(25), 2468–2475. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMsr1804754
Cunningham, R. M., Zimmerman, M. A., & Carter, P. M. (2019). Money, Politics, and Firearm Safety: Physician Political Action Committees in the Era of “This is Our Lane.” JAMA Network Open, 2(2), e187823. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7823
Cunningham, R. M., Carter, P. M., Ranney, M. L., Walton, M., Zeoli, A. M., Alpern, E. R., … Zimmerman, M. A. (2019). Prevention of Firearm Injuries Among Children and Adolescents: Consensus-Driven Research Agenda from the Firearm Safety Among Children and Teens (FACTS) Consortium. JAMA Pediatrics. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.1494
Cunningham, R. M., Carter, P. M., & Zimmerman, M. (2019). The Firearm Safety Among Children and Teens (FACTS) Consortium: defining the current state of the science on pediatric firearm injury prevention. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 42(4), 702–705. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-019-00077-6
Cunningham, R. M., Carter, P. M., Ranney, M. L., Walton, M., Zeoli, A. M., Alpern, E. R., … Zimmerman, M. A. (2019). Prevention of Firearm Injuries Among Children and Adolescents: Consensus-Driven Research Agenda from the Firearm Safety Among Children and Teens (FACTS) Consortium. JAMA Pediatrics. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.1494
Eisman, A. B., Ngo, Q. M., Kusunoki, Y. Y., Bonar, E. E., Zimmerman, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., & Walton, M. A. (2017). Sexual Violence Victimization Among Youth Presenting to an Urban Emergency Department: The Role of Violence Exposure in Predicting Risk. Health Education & Behavior: The Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education, 1090198117741941. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198117741941
Epstein-Ngo, Q. M., Walton, M. A., Chermack, S. T., Blow, F. C., Zimmerman, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2014). Event-level analysis of antecedents for youth violence: comparison of dating violence with non-dating violence. Addict Behav, 39(1), 350–353. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.015
Epstein-Ngo, Q. M., Cunningham, R. M., Whiteside, L. K., Chermack, S. T., Booth, B. M., Zimmerman, M. A., & Walton, M. A. (2012). A daily calendar analysis of substance use and dating violence among high risk urban youth. Drug Alcohol Depend, 130(1–3), 194–200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.11.006
Epstein-Ngo, Q. M., Roche, J. S., Walton, M. A., Zimmerman, M. A., Chermack, S. T., & Cunningham, R. M. (2014). Technology-Delivered Dating Aggression: Risk and Promotive Factors and Patterns of Associations Across Violence Types Among High-Risk Youth. Violence and Gender, 1(3), 131–133. https://doi.org/10.1089/vio.2014.0018
Goldstick, J. E., Lipton, R. I., Carter, P., Stoddard, S. A., Newton, M. F., Reischl, T., … Cunningham, R. M. (2015). The Effect of Neighborhood Context on the Relationship Between Substance Misuse and Weapons Aggression in Urban Adolescents Seeking ED Care. Substance Use & Misuse. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2014.998235
Goldstick, J. E., Stoddard, S. A., Carter, P. M., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2016). Characteristic substance misuse profiles among youth entering an urban emergency department: neighborhood correlates and behavioral comorbidities. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 42(6), 671–681. https://doi.org/10.1080/00952990.2016.1174707
Goldstick, J. E., Carter, P. M., Walton, M. A., Dahlberg, L. L., Sumner, S. A., Zimmerman, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2017). Development of the SaFETy Score: A Clinical Screening Tool for Predicting Future Firearm Violence Risk. Annals of Internal Medicine, 166(10), 707–714. https://doi.org/10.7326/M16-1927
Goldstick, J. E., Bohnert, K. M., Davis, A. K., Bonar, E. E., Carter, P. M., Walton, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2018). Dual Trajectories of Depression/Anxiety Symptoms and Alcohol Use, and their Implications for Violence Outcomes Among Drug-Using Urban Youth. Alcohol and Alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire), 53(6), 659–666. https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agy036
Goldstick, J. E., Roche, J. S., Carter, P. M., Arterberry, B. J., Bonar, E. E., Walton, M. A., … Cunningham, R. M. (2018). Sex Differences in the Association Between Gaming and Serious Violence Among Predominantly African American Youth. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 886260518764104. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260518764104
Goldstick, J. E., Carter, P. M., Heinze, J. E., Walton, M. A., Zimmerman, M., & Cunningham, R. M. (2019). Predictors of transitions in firearm assault behavior among drug-using youth presenting to an urban emergency department. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 42(4), 635–645. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-019-00021-8
Heinze, J. E., Reischl, T. M., Bai, M., Roche, J. S., Morrel-Samuels, S., Cunningham, R. M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2016). A Comprehensive Prevention Approach to Reducing Assault Offenses and Assault Injuries among Youth. Prevention Science: The Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research, 17(2), 167–176. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-015-0616-1
Loh, K., Walton, M. A., Harrison, S. R., Zimmerman, M., Stanley, R., Chermack, S. T., & Cunningham, R. M. (2013). Prevalence and correlates of handgun access among adolescents seeking care in an urban emergency department. Accid Anal Prev, 42(2), 347–353. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2009.11.012
Macy, M. L., Zonfrillo, M. R., Cook, L. J., Funai, T., Goldstick, J., Stanley, R. M., … Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network. (2015). Patient- and Community-Level Sociodemographic Characteristics Associated with Emergency Department Visits for Childhood Injury. The Journal of Pediatrics, 167(3), 711-718.e1-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.05.047
Ngo, Q. M., Eisman, A. B., Walton, M. A., Kusunoki, Y., Chermack, S. T., Singh, V., & Cunningham, R. (2018). Emergency Department Alcohol Intervention: Effects on Dating Violence and Depression. Pediatrics, 142(1). https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2017-3525
Patton, R. A., Cunningham, R. M., Blow, F. C., Zimmerman, M. A., Booth, B. M., & Walton, M. A. (2014). Transactional sex involvement: exploring risk and promotive factors among substance-using youth in an urban emergency department. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 75(4), 573–579.
Ranney, M. L., Walton, M., Whiteside, L., Epstein-Ngo, Q., Patton, R., Chermack, S., … Cunningham, R. M. (2013). Correlates of depressive symptoms among at-risk youth presenting to the emergency department. Gen Hosp Psychiatry, 35(5), 537–544. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2013.05.007
Ranney, M. L., Whiteside, L., Walton, M. A., Chermack, S. T., Zimmerman, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2013). Sex differences in characteristics of adolescents presenting to the emergency department with acute assault-related injury. Acad Emerg Med, 18(10), 1027–1035. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1553-2712.2011.01165.x
Ranney, M. L., Fletcher, J., Alter, H., Barsotti, C., Bebarta, V. S., Betz, M. E., … ACEP Technical Advisory Group on Firearm Injury Research, a Subcommittee of the ACEP Research Committee. (2017). A Consensus-Driven Agenda for Emergency Medicine Firearm Injury Prevention Research. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 69(2), 227–240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2016.08.454
Ranney, M. L., Goldstick, J., Eisman, A., Carter, P. M., Walton, M., & Cunningham, R. M. (2017). Effects of a brief ED-based alcohol and violence intervention on depressive symptoms. General Hospital Psychiatry, 46, 44–48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2017.01.008
Resko, S. M., Walton, M. A., Chermack, S. T., Blow, F. C., & Cunningham, R. M. (2013). Therapist competence and treatment adherence for a brief intervention addressing alcohol and violence among adolescents. J Subst Abuse Treat, 42(4), 429–437. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2011.09.006
Resko, S. M., Walton, M. A., Bingham, C. R., Shope, J. T., Zimmerman, M., Chermack, S. T., … Cunningham, R. M. (2010). Alcohol availability and violence among inner-city adolescents: A multi-level analysis of the role of alcohol outlet density. Am J Community Psychol, 46(3–4), 253–262. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-010-9353-6
Resko, S. M., Reddock, E. C., Ranney, M. L., Epstein-Ngo, Q., Mountain, S. K., Zimmerman, M. A., … Walton, M. A. (2016). Reasons for Fighting among Violent Female Adolescents: A Qualitative Investigation from an Urban, Midwestern Community. Social Work in Public Health, 31(3), 99–112. https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2015.1087914
Roche, J. S., Clery, M. J., Carter, P. M., Dora-Laskey, A., Walton, M. A., Ngo, Q. M., & Cunningham, R. M. (2018). Tracking Assault-injured, Drug-using Youth in Longitudinal Research: Follow-up Methods. Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.13495
Roszko, P. J. D., Ameli, J., Carter, P. M., Cunningham, R. M., & Ranney, M. L. (2016). Clinician Attitudes, Screening Practices, and Interventions to Reduce Firearm-Related Injury. Epidemiologic Reviews, 38(1), 87–110. https://doi.org/10.1093/epirev/mxv005
Sharp, A. L., Prosser, L. A., Walton, M., Blow, F. C., Chermack, S. T., Zimmerman, M. A., & Cunningham, R. (2014). Cost analysis of youth violence prevention. Pediatrics, 133(3), 448–453. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2013-1615
Singh, V., Walton, M. A., Whiteside, L. K., Stoddard, S., Epstein-Ngo, Q., Chermack, S. T., & Cunningham, R. M. (2014). Dating Violence Among Male and Female Youth Seeking Emergency Department Care. Ann Emerg Med. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.05.027