Marc A. Zimmerman, PhD

A photo of Marc Zimmerman, Ph.D.
  • Principal Investigator, Director
  • Professor, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health



Dr. Marc A. Zimmerman is the Marshall H. Becker Collegiate Professor in the Department of Health Behavior and Health Education in the School of Public Health and Co-Director of the  Institute for Firearm Injury Prevention at the University of Michigan. He is the Principal Investigator and Director of the CDC-funded Michigan Youth Violence Prevention Center and Prevention Research Center, and Co-Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance-funded National Center for School Safety. Dr. Zimmerman has over 35 years of experience studying youth violence. His research focuses on the application and development of empowerment theory and the study of adolescent health and resiliency. He has translated his research on individual and community risk and promotive factors to develop and evaluate community-based programs with an emphasis on the prevention of community violence. His work includes creating the evidence-based program Youth Empowerment Solutions and the development of Busy Streets Theory which is focused on the effects of urban vacant lot rehabilitation and greening. Dr. Zimmerman is the Editor of Youth & Society and Editor Emerita of Health Education and Behavior.


Zimmerman, M. A., Stewart, S. E., Morrel-Samuels, S., Franzen, S., & Reischl, T. M. (2011). Youth Empowerment Solutions for Peaceful Communities: Combining theory and practice in a community-level violence prevention curriculum. Health Promotion Practice, 12(3), 425–439.
Zimmerman, M. A., Eisman, A. B., Reischl, T. M., Morrel-Samuels, S., Stoddard, S., Miller, A. L., Hutchison, P., Franzen, S., & Rupp, L. (2018). Youth Empowerment Solutions: Evaluation of an After-School Program to Engage Middle School Students in Community Change. Health Education & Behavior: The Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education, 45(1), 20–31.
Zimmerman, M. A., Bartholow, B. N., Carter, P. M., Cunningham, R. M., Gorman-Smith, D., Heinze, J. E., Hohl, B., Kingston, B. E., Sigel, E. J., Sullivan, T. N., Vagi, K. J., Bowen, D. A., & Wendel, M. L. (2021). Youth Firearm Injury Prevention: Applications from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-Funded Youth Violence Prevention Centers. American Journal of Public Health, 111(S1), S32–S34.
Zimmerman, M. A., & Eisman, A. B. (2017). Empowering interventions: Strategies for addressing health inequities across levels of analysis. In M. A. Bond, I. Serrano-García, C. B. Keys, M. Shinn, M. A. Bond (Ed), I. Serrano-García (Ed), C. B. Keys (Ed), & M. Shinn (Ed) (Eds.), APA handbook of community psychology: Methods for community research and action for diverse groups and issues. (2016-09984-011; pp. 173–191). American Psychological Association.
Zimmerman, M. A., & Astor, R. A. (2021). Racism Obstructs the Path to School Safety and Educational Equity: The Need for an Anti-Racism Focus in School Violence Prevention. The Journal of School Health, 91(6), 443–446.
Whiteside, L. K., Ranney, M. L., Chermack, S. T., Zimmerman, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., & Walton, M. A. (2013). The overlap of youth violence among aggressive adolescents with past-year alcohol use-a latent class analysis: aggression and victimization in peer and dating violence in an inner city emergency department sample. J Stud Alcohol Drugs, 74(1), 125–135.
Weitzman, A., Barber, J. S., Heinze, J., & Zimmerman, M. (2021). How Nearby Homicides Affect Young Women’s Pregnancy Desires: Evidence From a Quasi-Experiment. Demography, 58(3), 927–950.
Walton, M. A., Chermack, S. T., Shope, J. T., Bingham, C. R., Zimmerman, M. A., Blow, F. C., & Cunningham, R. M. (2010). Effects of a Brief Intervention for Reducing Violence and Alcohol Misuse Among Adolescents: A Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA, 304(5), 527–535.
Walton, M. A., Resko, S., Whiteside, L., Chermack, S. T., Zimmerman, M., & Cunningham, R. M. (2013). Sexual risk behaviors among teens at an urban emergency department: relationship with violent behaviors and substance use. J Adolesc Health, 48(3), 303–305.
Varela, J. J., Zimmerman, M. A., Ryan, A. M., Stoddard, S. A., & Heinze, J. E. (2021). School Attachment and Violent Attitudes Preventing Future Violent Behavior Among Youth. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 36(9–10), NP5407–NP5426.
Varela, J. J., Zimmerman, M. A., Ryan, A. M., Stoddard, S. A., Heinze, J. E., & Alfaro, J. (2017). Life Satisfaction, School Satisfaction, and School Violence: A Mediation Analysis for Chilean Adolescent Victims and Perpetrators. Child Indicators Research, 1–19.
Thulin, E. J., Kusunoki, Y., Kernsmith, P. D., Smith-Darden, J. P., Grogan-Kaylor, A., Zimmerman, M., & Heinze, J. E. (2023). Longitudinal Effects of Electronic Dating Violence on Depressive Symptoms and Delinquent Behaviors Across Adolescence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 8862605231221281.
Thulin, E. J., Heinze, J. E., Kusunoki, Y., Hsieh, H.-F., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2020). Perceived Neighborhood Characteristics and Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence: A Multilevel Analysis. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 886260520906183.
Thulin, E. J., Zimmerman, M. A., Kusunoki, Y., Kernsmith, P., Smith-Darden, J., & Heinze, J. E. (2021). Electronic Teen Dating Violence Curves by Age. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.
Thulin, E. J., Heinze, J. E., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2021). Evaluating Community Factors Associated With Individually Held Intimate Partner Violence Beliefs Across 51 Countries. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 8862605211050104.
Stoddard, S. A., Zimmerman, M. A., & Bauermeister, J. A. (2011). Thinking about the future as a way to succeed in the present: a longitudinal study of future orientation and violent behaviors among African American youth. Am J Community Psychol, 48(3–4), 238–246.
Stoddard, S. A., Varela, J. J., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2015). Future Expectations, Attitude Toward Violence, and Bullying Perpetration During Early Adolescence: A Mediation Evaluation. Nursing Research, 64(6), 422–433.
Stoddard, S. A., Meier-Austic, E., Epstein-Ngo, Q., Walton, M., Carter, P. M., Heinze, J. E., Zimmerman, M. A., & Cunningham, R. (2020). Substance use and mental health predictors of patterns of non-partner youth violence among high-risk urban youth. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 213, 108117.
Stoddard, S. A., Heinze, J. E., Choe, D. E., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2015). Predicting violent behavior: The role of violence exposure and future educational aspirations during adolescence. Journal of Adolescence, 44, 191–203.
Stoddard, S. A., Epstein-Ngo, Q., Walton, M. A., Zimmerman, M. A., Chermack, S. T., Blow, F. C., Booth, B. M., & Cunningham, R. M. (2015). Substance use and violence among youth: a daily calendar analysis. Substance Use & Misuse, 50(3), 328–339.
Stoddard, S. A., Whiteside, L., Zimmerman, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., Chermack, S. T., & Walton, M. A. (2013). The relationship between cumulative risk and promotive factors and violent behavior among urban adolescents. Am J Community Psychol, 51(1–2), 57–65.
Stoddard, S. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2011). Association of interpersonal violence with self-reported history of head injury. Pediatrics, 127(6), 1074–1079.
Sokol, R. L., Zimmerman, M. A., Rupp, L., Heinze, J. E., Cunningham, R. M., & Carter, P. M. (2021). Firearm purchasing during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in households with teens: a national study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 44(6), 874–882.
Sokol, R. L., Bushman, G., Gong, C. H., Rupp, L., Ryan, J. P., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). Associations Between Micro-neighborhood Greening and Child Maltreatment. International Journal on Child Maltreatment: Research, Policy and Practice.
Sokol, R. L., Marineau, L., Zimmerman, M. A., Rupp, L. A., Cunningham, R. M., & Carter, P. M. (2021). Why some parents made firearms more accessible during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic: results from a national study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 44(6), 867–873.
Sokol, R. L., Kumodzi, T., Cunningham, R. M., Resnicow, K., Steiger, M., Walton, M., Zimmerman, M. A., & Carter, P. M. (2022). The association between perceived community violence, police bias, race, and firearm carriage among urban adolescents and young adults. Preventive Medicine, 154, 106897.
Sokol, R. L., Goldstick, J., Zimmerman, M. A., Muzik, M., Rosenblum, K. L., & Miller, A. L. (2020). Transitions into and out of post-traumatic stress among children involved in the child welfare system. Children and Youth Services Review, 118.
Sokol, R. L., Carter, P. M., Goldstick, J., Miller, A. L., Walton, M. A., Zimmerman, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2020). Within-Person Variability in Firearm Carriage Among High-Risk Youth. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 59(3), 386–393.
Sharp, A. L., Prosser, L. A., Walton, M., Blow, F. C., Chermack, S. T., Zimmerman, M. A., & Cunningham, R. (2014). Cost analysis of youth violence prevention. Pediatrics, 133(3), 448–453.
Seewald, L. A., Myers, M., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., Rupp, L. A., Haasz, M., & Carter, P. M. (2022). Firearm safety counseling among caregivers of high-school age teens: Results from a National Survey. Preventive Medicine, 107285.
Schmidt, C. J., Zimmerman, M. A., & Stoddard, S. A. (2018). A Longitudinal Analysis of the Indirect Effect of Violence Exposure on Future Orientation Through Perceived Stress and the Buffering Effect of Family Participation. American Journal of Community Psychology, 62(1–2), 62–74.
Schmidt, C. J., Rupp, L., Pizarro, J. M., Lee, D. B., Branas, C. C., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2019). Risk and protective factors related to youth firearm violence: a scoping review and directions for future research. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 42(4), 706–723.
Rupp, L. A., Zimmerman, M. A., Sly, K. W., Reischl, T. M., Thulin, E. J., Wyatt, T. A., & Stock, J. J. P. (2020). Community-Engaged Neighborhood Revitalization and Empowerment: Busy Streets Theory in Action. American Journal of Community Psychology, 65(1–2), 90–106.
Rupp, L. A., Kondo, M. C., Hohl, B. C., Sing, E. K., Grodzinski, A. R., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). The effects of organizations engaging residents in greening vacant lots: Insights from a United States national survey. Cities, 125, 103669.
Roche, J. S., Carter, P. M., Zeoli, A. M., Cunningham, R. M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2023). Challenges, Successes, and the Future of Firearm Injury Prevention. The Milbank Quarterly, 101(S1), 579–612.
Resko, S. M., Reddock, E. C., Ranney, M. L., Epstein-Ngo, Q., Mountain, S. K., Zimmerman, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., & Walton, M. A. (2016). Reasons for Fighting among Violent Female Adolescents: A Qualitative Investigation from an Urban, Midwestern Community. Social Work in Public Health, 31(3), 99–112.
Resko, S. M., Walton, M. A., Bingham, C. R., Shope, J. T., Zimmerman, M., Chermack, S. T., Blow, F. C., & Cunningham, R. M. (2010). Alcohol availability and violence among inner-city adolescents: A multi-level analysis of the role of alcohol outlet density. Am J Community Psychol, 46(3–4), 253–262.
Reischl, T. M., Zimmerman, M. A., Morrel-Samuels, S., Franzen, S. P., Faulk, M., Eisman, A. B., & Roberts, E. (2011). Youth empowerment solutions for violence prevention. Adolesc Med State Art Rev, 22(3), 581–600, xiii.
Reischl, T. M., Krusky, A. M., Zimmerman, M. A., Aiyer, S. M., Kruger, D. J., Franzen, S. P., & Lipton, R. (2016). Assessing Physical Disorder in Urban Neighborhoods: Reliability and Validity of the Parcel Maintenance Observation Tool. Journal of Community Psychology, 44(1), 7–21.
Reeping, P. M., Klarevas, L., Rajan, S., Rowhani-Rahbar, A., Heinze, J., Zeoli, A. M., Goyal, M. K., Zimmerman, M. A., & Branas, C. C. (2022). State Firearm Laws, Gun Ownership, and K-12 School Shootings: Implications for School Safety. Journal of School Violence, 21(2), 132–146.
Rauk, L., Rupp, L., Hohl, B. C., Kondo, M. C., Ornelas, L., Carter, P. M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2023). Lessons learned from local vacant land management organizations for engaging youth in greening. American Journal of Community Psychology, ajcp.12688.
Ranney, M. L., Whiteside, L., Walton, M. A., Chermack, S. T., Zimmerman, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2013). Sex differences in characteristics of adolescents presenting to the emergency department with acute assault-related injury. Acad Emerg Med, 18(10), 1027–1035.
Pelletier, K. R., Schmidt, C. J., Seewald, L., Cunningham, R. M., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., Resnicow, K., & Carter, P. M. (2022). Understanding factors associated with firearm possession: Examining differences between male and female adolescents and emerging adults seeking emergency department care. Preventive Medicine, 107286.
Patton, R. A., Cunningham, R. M., Blow, F. C., Zimmerman, M. A., Booth, B. M., & Walton, M. A. (2014). Transactional sex involvement: exploring risk and promotive factors among substance-using youth in an urban emergency department. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 75(4), 573–579.
Oliphant, S. N., Mouch, C. A., Rowhani-Rahbar, A., Hargarten, S., Jay, J., Hemenway, D., Zimmerman, M., Carter, P. M., & FACTS Consortium. (2019). A scoping review of patterns, motives, and risk and protective factors for adolescent firearm carriage. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 42(4), 763–810.
Morrel-Samuels, S., Zimmerman, M. A., & Reischl, T. M. (2013). Creating Safe and Healthy Futures: Michigan Youth Violence Prevention Center. Reclaiming Children and Youth, 22(3), 31–36.
Morrel-Samuels, S., Rupp, L. A., Eisman, A. B., Miller, A. L., Stoddard, S. A., Franzen, S. P., Hutchison, P., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2018). Measuring the Implementation of Youth Empowerment Solutions. Health Promotion Practice, 19(4), 581–589.
Morrel-Samuels, S., Bacallao, M., Brown, S., Bower, M., & Zimmerman, M. (2016). Community Engagement in Youth Violence Prevention: Crafting Methods to Context. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 1–19.
Loh, K., Walton, M. A., Harrison, S. R., Zimmerman, M., Stanley, R., Chermack, S. T., & Cunningham, R. M. (2013). Prevalence and correlates of handgun access among adolescents seeking care in an urban emergency department. Accid Anal Prev, 42(2), 347–353.
Lee, D. B., Hsieh, H.-F., Stoddard, S. A., Heinze, J. E., Carter, P. M., Goldstick, J. E., Cunningham, M. C., Cunningham, R. M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2020). Longitudinal pathway from violence exposure to firearm carriage among adolescents: The role of future expectation. Journal of Adolescence, 81, 101–113.